2019年11月14日 08:38

  As a little boy, there was nothing I liked better than Sunday aftemoons at my grandfather"s farm in western Pennsylvania. Surrounded by miles of winding stonewalls, the house and barn provided endless hours of fun for a city kid like me. I was used to parlors neat as a pin that seemed to whisper, "Not to be touched!"
  I can still remember one afternoon when I was eight years old. Since my first visit to the farm, I"d wanted more than anything to be allowed to climb the stonewalls surrounding the property. My parents would never approve. The walls were old; some stones were missing, others loose and crumbling. Still, my yearning to scramble across those walls grew so strong. One spring afternoon, I summoned all my courage and entered the living room, where the adults had gathered after dinner.
  "I, uh, I want to climb the stonewalls," I said hesitantly. Everyone looked up. "Can I climb the stonewalls?" Instantly a chorus went up from the women in the room. "Heavens, no!" they cried in dismay. "You"ll hurt yourself!" I wasn"t too disappointed; the response was just as I"d expected. But before I could leave the room, I was stopped by my grandfather" s booming voice. "Hold on just a minute," I heard him say, "Let the boy climb the stonewalls. He has to learn to do things for himself."
  "Scoot," he said to me with a wink, "and come and see me when you get back." For the next two and a half hours I climbed those old walls and had the time of my life. Later I met with my grandfather to tell him about my adventure. I"ll never forget what he said. "Fred," he said, grinning, "you made this day a special day just by being yourself. Always remember, there"s only one person in this whole world like you, and I like you exactly as you are."
  Many years have passed since then, and today I host the television program Mister Rogers" Neighborhood, seen by millions of children throughout America. There have been changes over the years, but one thing remains the same: my message to children at the end of almost every visit, "There"s only one person in this whole world like you, and people can like you exactly as you are."
  1 neat as a pin极为整洁
  2 property n.房产;地产;房地产
  3 crumbling adj.倒塌的
  4 scramble vi. 攀登;爬上;登上
  5 summon vt.鼓起;奋起;使出
  6 chorus n. 一齐;齐声;异口同声说的话
  7 dismay n. 沮丧;灰心
  8 booming adj. 发出低沉声音的

  Hong Kong has taken over from Tokyo as the world"s most expensive city, according to a lifestyle survey which also reveals the gap between the costliest and cheapest cities is narrowing. Moscow muscles in at second place in the survey, released by Mercer Human Resource Consulting, with Tokyo third. At the other end of the scale, Johannesburg replaced Blantyre, Malawi as the cheapest city on the planet. Mercer said the gulf between those at the top and bottom of the pile had narrowed by nearly 15 percent in the 12 months to March 2002. The research took New York as the base city with a nominal score of 100 points. Hong Kong scored 124.2; the South African metropolis just 34.4. It measured the comparative cost of over 200 items such as housing, food, clothing and household goods as well as transport and entertainment in 144 cities worldwide. St. Petersburg in Russia and London were the two most expensive cities in Europe, while in the United States, New York was far and away the costliest city, followed by Los Angeles, Chicago and San Francisco. Elsewhere, Buenos Aires had the most dramatic fall, plunging from 23rd to 133rd following Argentina"s economic crisis and devaluation of the peso. New Zealand and Australian cities continued to show they are probably the best bet for cheap but high quality living, with scores consistently around 50 or below while at the same time ranking in the top 30 for quality of life in another Mercer survey released in March 2002.
  一、1.[sleeping改为asleep]2.[very改为too] 3.[√]4.[it改为which]
   8.[serious改为seriously] 9.[and改为but]10.[that后加will]
  9.[speak改为say或tell]10.[√]  三、1.[fine前加a]2.[√]3.[去掉was]4.[a改为an]
  四、1.[saw改为seeing或前加who]2.[on改为up]3. [√]4.[not后加be]
  It might make a larger omelette but a bigger egg isn"t necessarily a better one — and it certainly doesn"t make the hen that laid it very happy.
  That is the view of the chairman of the British Free Range Producers" Association, who says that if you want to be kind to hens, you should eat medium, not large or very large, eggs.
  “It can be painful to the hen to lay a larger egg,” Tom Vesey, who keeps 16,000 hens on 45 acres at Dingestow, Monmouth, told The Times. “There is also the stress, which is a big problem as it takes more out of hens to lay large eggs. It would be kinder to eat smaller eggs. Whenever I go to the Continent people eat medium-sized eggs yet here the housewife seems to be wedded to large eggs.”
  He also suggests people would do better eating a breakfast of two medium-sized eggs rather than one large one. “I prefer medium eggs,” he said, “They taste better, are less watery and don"t run off the plate.”
  Mr Vesey, who says he is determined to change egg-shopping habits, insists that farmers only produce large eggs because they receive more for them from supermarkets. The average price for 12 free-range eggs paid to a farmer is 77p for medium, £1 for large and just over £1 for very large.
  Mr Vesey has been criticised by industry chiefs for raising the issue in The Grocer but animal welfare experts say his argument is valid. Phil Brooke, of Compassion in World Farming, said: “Selectively breeding hens for high productivity, whether larger eggs or larger numbers of eggs, can cause a range of problems such as osteoporosis, bone breakage and prolapse. We need to breed and feed hens so that they can produce eggs without risk to their health or welfare.”
  Christine Nicol, Professor of Animal Welfare at the University of Bristol, said: “There is no strong published evidence of pain in egg-laying hens but it"s not ueasonable to think there may be a mismatch in the size of birds and the eggs they produce. We do often spot bloodstains on large eggs. As a personal decision I would never buy jumbo eggs.”
  Prices for very large eggs have decreased slightly over the past year, something Mr Vesey believes may make farmers think again about their production. He would like to see higher prices paid for medium eggs to encourage production. There is little consumer demand for small eggs, which weigh less than 53g and are mostly used in processed food.
  He thinks by changing the protein element of poultry feed it is possible for farmers to slow down the process of egg production so that hens can lay smaller eggs. He also suggests that farmers will make more profit from producing medium eggs because there will be fewer breakages. The volume of egg shell is the same on a medium as on a large or very large egg. Thin shells mean more cracked eggs.
  Mark Williams, head of the British Egg Industry Council, said shoppers mostly opted for large eggs, thinking they offered better value for money. “But it is possible consumers could be switched off from buying large overnight,” he said.


  When a person died in Bali, his family and1. _______
  friends are not usually sad; for them dead is the 2. _______
  beginning of an another life. The dead person will3. _______
  come back to the world with another shape. Before 4. _______
  this happen, his old body must go. In some places5. _______
  in Bali, the dead body put on a high ground6. _______
  and in a tree. The body is then often eaten by animals. 7. _______
  And usually in Bali the body is burned. After 8. _______
  being burned, the dead person can easy come9. _______
  back to life to live in this world.10. ______
   Some things about computers are easier as you may1. _______
  fear. First, computers are logical(逻辑的). Things at first 2. _______
  seems difficult will make sense to you after you learn the3. _______
  rules. Second, it is really not hardly to learn enough to4. _______
  use today machines. You don"t need to be great brain.5. _______
  But you do have to learn to think it in new ways. 6. _______
  And you do have to keep good bit of information7. _______
  in your head. Finally, there are many people 8. _______
  around whom are really enthusiastic(热心的) about 9. _______
  computers. This people are always happy to be of help.10. ______
  In England it is never too hot and too cold for work or 1. _______
  play in the open air. This is because the sea. The sea keeps 2. _______
  the island warmth in winter and makes the air cool in summer. 3. _______
  The winds also have much more to do with the weather in England.4. _______
  The winds blow from the southwest two days out of 5. _______
  every three. The winds from the Atlantic are wet as good as6. _______
  they are warm. They also bring plenty of rain for the island.7. _______
  The east and northeast winds is cold and dry.8. _______
  The weather changes great in England. In spring, sunshine9. _______
  and rain follow each other very often that an umbrella
  or a raincoat are the things you want most in England. 10. ______
   Tables manners are important in China. If1. _______
  one is invited to dinner, he should not late2. _______
  and should bring some small gift for the host(主人). 3. _______
  The oldest sits facing the door or the 4. _______
  window and the other guests sit in the order of his 5. _______
  ages. One should begin eating until everyone6. _______
  was seated. It is bad manners to eat only 7. _______


  Whatever the mind can conceive and believe, it can achieve.
  Back in the 19th century, two brothers had an idea which eventually became their passionate dream. Their pursuit of that dream was rewarded with an accomplishment that changed the world travel.
  On Friday December 17, 1903 at 10:35 a. m., the Wright brothers(Wilbur and Orville) achieved their dream. They flew "the world"s first power driven, heavier than air machine in which man made free, controlled, and sustained flight." This memorable feat took place at Kitty Hawk, North California on a cold windy morning.
  The dream started with an idea that was planted in their minds by a toy given to them by their father. In the words of boys, "late in the autumn of 1878, our father came into the house on evening with some object partly concealed in his hands, and before we could see what it was, he tossed it into the air. Instead of falling to the floor, as we expected, it flew across the room till it struck the ceiling, where it fluttered a while, and finally sank to the floor." This simple toy made of bamboo, cork and stretched rubber bands, fascinated the Wright brothers and sparked their lifelong interest in human flight.
  The Wright brothers were great thinkers. They enjoyed learning new things. Initially, they recycled broken parts, built a printing press and opened their own printing office. Their interest moved to bicycles and in 1893, they opened the Wright Cycle Company where they sold and repair bicycles. But Wilbur(the old brother) had his mind set on something more exciting. He decided to seriously pursue flying.
  The brothers spend many hours searching, testing their machines and making improvements after unsuccessful attempts at human flight. What started out as a hobby soon became a passion. With determination and patience their realized their dream in 1903.
  The next time you hear or see an airplane or travel on one, remember where it all started. A simple idea conceived in the minds of two young men who did not finish high school. Believe it or not, they did not have a University degree in Aeronautical Engineering, Mathematics, Physics or any other subject. They were not scientists in the true sense of the word. In fact, many of their peers who did not witness their accomplishment, had trouble believing that two bicycle mechanics from Dayton, Ohio did what they claimed.
  What idea or ideas are you working on? Have you said you can"t do this or that because you are not a scientist? Have you limited yourself by saying you are not smart enough? Or have you joined the majority in saying that everything has already been invented or discovered?
  Since the introduction of the first generation of personal computers in 1981, we are able to do many things more efficiently. With a super computer between your ears and the personal computer at your fingertips, your dream can be achieved. First, give birth to that dream with an idea. A simple idea that anyone of us can conceive!


  Zeng Zi was one of Confucius" students. Once, Zeng Zi"s wife was going shopping. Because the child was crying loudly, she promised the child that she would kill their pig to treat him after she returned home. After she returned, Zeng Zi captured to butcher the pig. His wife stopped him, saying " I was kidding the child." Zeng zi said: "There is no kidding with the children, because they know little and they usually imitate their parents and follow their instructions. If you cheat them, it is the same as teaching them to cheat the others." So Zeng Zi killed the pig, because he knew that sincerity and keeping one"s words are the essentials of conducting oneself. If he broke his words, he might keep his pig, but he would leave a unforgettable shadow in his child"s heart.
  James Watt"s great claim to fame is that he greatly improved on the steam engine thus paving the way for their use in factories, mills, mines etc.
  James Watt, the son of a merchant, was born in Greenock, Scotland, in 1736. Watt did not attend school regularly,but instead he was mostly schooled at home by his mother. He exhibited great manual dexterity1 and an aptitude2 for mathematics, and absorbed the legends and lore of the Scottish people.
  When he was 18, his mother died and his father"s health had begun to fail. Watt was sent to London to learn the trade of a mathematical-instrument maker.
  Watt returned to Glasgow in 1757 where he established his own instrument-making business. Watt soon developed a reputation as a high quality engineer. Four years after opening his shop, Watt began to experiment with steam. At this point Watt had still never seen an operating steam engine, but he tried constructing a model. It failed to work satisfactorily, but he continued his experiments and began to read everything about it he could. He independently discovered the importance of latent heat in understanding the engine. He learned that University of Glasgow owned a model Newcomen engine, but it was in London for repairs. Watt got the university to have it returned, and he made the repairs in 1763.
  It too just barely worked, and after much experimentation he showed that about 80% of the heat of the steam was consumed in heating the cylinder3, because the steam in it was condensed by an injected stream of cold water. His critical insight, to cause the steam to condense in a separate chamber apart from the piston4, and to maintain the temperature of the cylinder at the same temperature as the injected steam, posed a problem. How was the steam to be transferred from the
  cylinder to the condenser? The solution came in the course of a walk upon Glasgow Green. He suddenly realized that, as "nature abhors a vacuum5", the answer was to create a vacuum in the condenser which would suck the steam from the cylinder. By the time he had reached the golf links, he had worked out a way of doing this, utilising an air pump. He soon had a working model by 1765.
  Now came a long struggle to produce a full-scale engine. The principal difficulty was in machining the piston and cylinder. Iron workers of the day were more like blacksmiths than machinists, so the results left much to be desired. Much capital was spent in pursuing the groundbreaking patent. Strapped for resources, Watt was forced to take up employment as a surveyor for eight years.
  Watt finally had access to some of the best iron workers in the world. The difficulty of the manufacture of a large cylinder with a tightly fitting piston was solved hy John Wilkinson who had developed precision boring techniques for cannon making.
  Finally, in 1776, the first engines were installed and working in commercial enterprises. These first engines were used for pumps and produced only reciprocating6 motion. Orders began to pour in and for the next five years Watt was very busy installing more engines, mostly in Cornwall for pumping water out of mines.



  In The Origin Diet, dietitian Elizabeth Somer asserts that certain cravings were central to human survival and evolution. "Fat and sugar were scarce hundreds of thousands of years ago," she writes. "Fat was a precious source of calories (supplying more than twice the calories per gram of either protein or starch), and our ancestors had no need to develop an appetite shutoff valve for fat. Instead, when they found fatty food, they ate all they could get and developed an unlimited capacity to store extra calories."
  The quest for fat and sugar, Somer believes, is now hardwired into our brains, governed by dozens of chemicals including endorphins. Serotonin, for example, is the "feel good" chemical. When levels are low, we seem to crave sweets and carbs, which raise serotonin and improve mood. This may help explain why many women crave chocolate near their periods.
  What about the cravings that many pregnant women experience? Growing research suggests that odd food yearnings - and food aversions - may protect the fetus. Some pregnant women lose the desire to drink coffee or wine and turn green at the sight of fish, meat, eggs or vegetables. Instead, they crave sweets, fruits (especially citrus) and dairy products.
  One explanation: These foods are least likely to carry harmful organisms or natural toxins. "It may be your body is telling you to keep your fetus away from anything that might be toxic," says Frances Largeman, managing editor of FoodFit.com, a website promoting healthy eating habits.
  Largeman acknowledges that the theory doesn"t account for why some pregnant women hunger for pickles and others for apple strudel. Cravings are difficult to explain scientifically, she says, "because people don"t eat nutrients; they eat food." And everybody"s preferences differ.
  One explanation: These foods are least likely to carry harmful organisms or natural toxins. "It may be your body is telling you to keep your fetus away from anything that might be toxic," says Frances Largeman, managing editor of FoodFit.com, a website promoting healthy eating habits.
  Largeman acknowledges that the theory doesn"t account for why some pregnant women hunger for pickles and others for apple strudel. Cravings are difficult to explain scientifically, she says, "because people don"t eat nutrients; they eat food." And everybody"s preferences differ.
  Some experts think cravings are as much a reflection of our social and psychological makeup as they are of our physiological impulses. "Food adds solace to our lives," says Jeff Hampl, a spokesman for the American Dietetic Association. "Often, cravings are tied to a childhood experience and good feelings associated with it. There"s a subconscious desire to replace those emotions."
  This would explain my predilection for rapini, since my mother serves it every Thanksgiving. Yet regardless of the reason, Largeman — who craves salmon sometimes - thinks you should satisfy a craving when it strikes. "A craving usually just gets worse," She says, "and it could lead to binging."


  The poor are very wonderful people. One evening we went out and we picked up four people from the street. And one of them was in a most terrible condition, and I told the sisters: You take care of the other three. I take care of this one who looked worse. So I did for her all that my love can do. I put her in bed, and there was such a beautiful smile on her face. She took hold of my hand as she said just the words "thank you" and she died. I could not help but examine my conscience1 before her and I asked what would I say if I was in her place. And my answer was very simple. I would have tried to draw a little attention to myself. I would have said I am hungry, that I am dying, I am cold, I am in pain, or something, but she gave me much more -- she gave me her grateful love. And she died with a smile on her face. As did that man whom we picked up from the drain2, half eaten with worms, and we brought him to the home. "I have lived like an animal in the street, but I am going to die like an angel, loved and cared for." And it was so wonderful to see the greatness of that man who could speak like that, who could die like that without blaming anybody, without cursing anybody, without comparing anything. Like an angel -- this is the greatness of our people. And that is why we believe what Jesus had said: I was hungry, I was naked, I was homeless, I was unwanted, unloved, uncared for, and you did it to me.
  I believe that we are not real social workers. We may be doing social work in the eyes of the people, but we are really contemplative3 in the heart of the world. For we are touching the body of Christ twenty-four hours... And I think that in our family we don"t need bombs and guns, to destroy, to bring peace, just get together, love one another, bring that peace, that joy, that strength of presence of each other in the home. And we will be able to overcome all the evil that is in the world.
  And with this prize that I have received as a Prize of Peace, I am going to try to make the home for many people who have no home. Because I believe that love begins at home, and if we can create a home for the poor I think that more and more love will spread. And we will be able through this understanding love to bring peace be the good news to the poor. The poor in our own family first, in our country and in the world. To be able to do this, our sisters, our lives have to be woven with prayer. They have to be woven with Christ to be able to understand, to be able to share. Because to be woven with Christ is to be able to understand, to be able to share. Because today there is so much suffering... When I pick up a person from the street, hungry, I give him a plate of rice, a piece of bread, I have satisfied. I have removed that hunger. But a person who is shut out, who feels unwanted, unloved, terrified, the person who has been thrown out from society --that poverty is so full of hurt and so unbearable... And so let us always meet each other with a smile, for the smile is the beginning of love, and once we begin to love each other naturally we want to do something.